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Celine Dion Album 1 Fille Et 4 Types Of Essays

1 fille & 4 types (meaning 1 Girl & 4 Guys) is the French-language album by Canadian singer Celine Dion, released by Columbia Records on 13 October 2003. It is her first new French studio album since 1998's S'il suffisait d'aimer. 1 fille & 4 types features thirteen songs written and arranged by Jean-Jacques Goldman, Erick Benzi, Jacques Veneruso and Gildas Arzel, and produced by Benzi. The first single from the album, "Tout l'or des hommes" reached top ten in all Francophone countries, including number one in Quebec and number three in France. It was followed by "Et je t'aime encore" and "Contre nature".

1 fille & 4 types received favorable reviews from music critics, some of whom noticed that it is a record that many Dion fans were hoping would arrive one day. On the commercial level, the album also became a success. It topped the charts in Canada, France, Belgium Wallonia and Greece, and also reached top ten in Switzerland, Poland, Finland and Belgium Flandres. 1 fille & 4 types was certified 2× Platinum in France, Platinum in Belgium and Switzerland, and Gold in Finland.

Background[edit]

Dion started working on her upcoming French-language album on 8 October 2002 in Paris when she met with four well-known French songwriters and producers: Jean-Jacques Goldman, Erick Benzi, Jacques Veneruso and Gildas Arzel. After four days of rehearsals, Dion met with them again in Las Vegas in May 2003, during her break from performing in A New Day.... The songs were recorded between 2–11 May 2003.[1] On 11 August 2003, Dion's official website announced that the release of the new French album titled 1 fille & 4 types (meaning 1 Girl & 4 Guys) was set for 13 October 2003 in Europe and 14 October 2003 in Canada.[2] Dion worked on this project with "4 Guys" only: Goldman, Benzi, Veneruso and Arzel.[2] Goldman, who wrote and produced the best-selling French-language albums of all time: D'eux and S'il suffisait d'aimer, guided 1 fille & 4 types as the artistic director.[3] The first single, "Tout l'or des hommes" was sent to radio on 27 August 2003.[2][3][4] It was written by Jacques Veneruso who wrote Dion's 2001 number-one hit, "Sous le vent".[3] The music video for the song was serviced to video outlets in September 2003 and the CD single was scheduled for release on 6 October 2003 in France, Switzerland and Belgium, on 7 October 2003 in Canada and a few weeks later in Germany.[3][5] The behind the scenes from "Tout l'or des hommes" video and making of the album was posted in the video section on celinedion.com on 28 September 2003.[6]1 fille & 4 types was also scheduled for release in the United States on 11 November 2003, in Japan on 17 December 2003, in Sweden on 9 February 2004 and in Spain on 19 April 2004.[7][8][9][10]

Content[edit]

On 14 September 2003, the track listing for the album containing twelve songs was posted on celinedion.com.[11] On 23 September 2003, it was revealed that 1 fille & 4 types will be released in three different versions.[12] While the standard edition was available from all retailers, a Deluxe Edition with special photos and a DVD was sold in Europe and exclusively in Archambault stores in Canada.[12] Finally, the Limited Edition with a special 45-page booklet will be available in France's Carrefour stores.[12] After the album was released it turned out that it contains a hidden track, "Valse adieu". The songs were written and arranged by Jean-Jacques Goldman, Erick Benzi, Jacques Veneruso and Gildas Arzel, and produced by Benzi. Jean-Jacques Goldman's brother, J Kapler co-wrote "Et je t'aime encore" and wrote "Valse adieu". Goldman, Benzi, Veneruso and Arzel also played instruments and sang lead and background vocals on the album. The album contains three covers: "Retiens-moi" recorded by Nanette Workman for her 1996 album Une à une, "Tu nages" recorded by Anggun for her 2000 album Désirs contraires, and "Rien n'est vraiment fini" recorded by Leyla Doriane for her 2000 album Libre.[13][14][15] "Et je t'aime encore" is a French-language version of the song "Je t'aime encore" from One Heart which was released in March 2003.[16]

Promotion[edit]

To promote the album, Dion taped a television special at The Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas on 1 October 2003.[17] The footage from this show was used to create two television specials, one for Canada and the second for France.[17] During the first television special for Canada titled 1 fille & 4 types à Las Vegas, Dion was interviewed by Julie Snyder and short clips of performances form The Colosseum at Caesars Palace were shown, including: "Le loup, la biche et le chevalier (une chanson douce)" (duet with Henri Salvador), "Je lui dirai", "Apprends-moi", "Mon homme", "Quand on n'a que l'amour" (duet with the winner of Star Académie), "Sous le vent" (duet with Garou), "Contre nature", "Toi et moi" (duet with Charles Aznavour), "Tout l'or des hommes", "Et je t'aime encore", "Ne bouge pas" and "Le vol d'un ange".[18] The show was broadcast on 19 October 2003 on TVA and attracted 1,536,500 viewers becoming the most watched program in Quebec that day.[19]

The second television special for France, Céline! was hosted by Flavie Flament and included the full performances of the following songs: "Tout l'or des hommes" (with "4 Guys": Jean-Jacques Goldman, Erick Benzi, Jacques Veneruso and Gildas Arzel), "On ne change pas", "Toi et moi" (with Charles Aznavour), "Et je t'aime encore", "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" (duet with Florent Pagny), "Le vol d'un ange", "Apprends-moi" (with "4 Guys"), "Le loup, la biche et le chevalier (une chanson douce)" (with Henri Salvador), "Sous le vent" (with Garou), "S'il suffisait d'aimer" (with Patrick Fiori, Florent Pagny and Roch Voisine) and "Valse adieu" (with "4 Guys"). The show also included solo performances by the special guests: Roch Voisine, Garou, Florent Pagny, Patrick Fiori, Michael Jones, Jean-Jacques Goldman, Charles Aznavour, Gérard Darmon, Martin Fontaine, Henry Salvador and Ricky Martin.[20][21] The television special was broadcast on 18 November 2003 on TF1 and became the most watched program of the French prime-time by attracting 6,131,800 viewers and getting the 31,1% share of the audience.[20][21]

On 15 October 2003, Dion returned to The Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas to perform her show, A New Day.... Therefore, she could not promote the album the way she used to do with her previous releases.[22]

Singles[edit]

The first single, "Tout l'or des hommes" was released on 6 October 2003 and reached number one in Quebec, number two in Canada, number three in France, number five in Belgium Wallonia and number ten in Switzerland.[23][24][25][26] It was also certified Silver in France. The second single, "Et je t'aime encore" was sent to radio on 11 December 2003 and the limited edition CD single was released on 23 February 2004.[27][28] The music video for "Et je t'aime encore" premiered on 8 March 2004.[29] "Et je t'aime encore" reached number two in Quebec, number fourteen in Belgium Wallonia, number sixteen in France and number thirty-one in Switzerland.[30] The cover art for the next promotional only single, "Contre nature" was released to TeamCeline members on 6 March 2004.[31] "Contre nature" was sent to radio in France on 18 March 2004 and in Canada on 12 April 2004.[30][32] The music video, directed by Didier Kerbrat in Las Vegas, premiered on 30 April 2004.[32][33][34] The song reached number two in Quebec. "Je lui dirai" was later included on Dion's next album, Miracle and released as a promotional single in October 2004.

Critical reception[edit]

The album met with favorable reviews from music critics.[37] A reviewer from the Montreal Gazette called the album the "most sympathetic and intimate work of her career." The French newspaper Le Parisien gave it a rating of excellent, while the Swiss newspaper Le Matin wrote "It's solid Dion, square and effectively devilish." Rob Theakston from AllMusic wrote that 1 fille & 4 types "is a record that many Dion fans were hoping would arrive one day. Her voice values dynamics over acrobatics and the band is stripped down to its bare essentials, taking Dion into relatively unfamiliar territories such as country-pop and folk, and she proves herself more than up to the task of delivering top-notch performances every time. This stripped-down, back-to-basics attitude is only further reinforced within the album's packaging: Dion in several fashionably rugged poses that could have come straight from an Abercrombie & Fitch catalog complete with photos of a rugged life 'on the road,' including a shot of her with the band all lying on a bed together with her hair up in a towel and the air conditioner apparently not working during the summertime. It's completely premeditated and no diva in her right mind would stand for such living conditions, but this only reinforces how far away Dion wants to distance herself from her image this time around. The pop songs are equally as infectious as they are hummable."[35]Entertainment Weekly editor David Browne wrote a mixed review "The presentation cries out empress of overkill goes alt-rock, but the truth is much less engaging" and said that album "does stand as a marked departure from her usual fare. Forsaking orchestras and pop gloss, she and her guys offer up reverby twang in "Tout l'or des hommes," a slide-guitar romp in "Ne bouge pas," and enough mopey, semi-unplugged arrangements to make you think they just discovered Bruce Springsteen's "Tunnel of Love." For her part, Dion sounds more restrained than on her English-language extravaganzas. The album falls victim to the same bathetic love songs that cripple every Dion project, and the quasi-adventurous production gives way to drippy folk-pop balladry."[36]

Commercial performance[edit]

Dion rocketed to the top of the Canadian chart for the second time in less than seven months.[38] Her French-language album 1 fille & 4 types accomplished the feat with first-week sales of 44,532 copies, including 42,500 units sold in Quebec alone.[38][39] It marked her sixth number-one album in the SoundScan era and her fourth to debut at the top position.[38] Dion's previous album One Heart entered the chart at number one in April 2003 selling 97,000 copies.[38]1 fille & 4 types stayed at number one for the second week, selling 19,300 units.[40] In the third week, it fell to number seven with sales of 8,300 copies.[41] The album has sold over 100,000 units in Canada in 2003.[42]

In France, 1 fille & 4 types debuted at number one selling 123,600 copies and remained at the top for four non-consecutive weeks.[39][43] On 18 December 2003, 1 fille & 4 types was certified 2× Platinum for shipping 600,000 copies and it became the fifth best-selling album of 2003.[44][45] It has sold over 845,000 units in France.[46]

1 fille & 4 types also reached number one in Belgium Wallonia for two consecutive weeks, and peaked at number one in Greece, number two in Switzerland, number seven in Poland, number nine in Belgium Flandres and Finland, and eventually reached number nine on the European Top 100 Albums. It was certified Platinum in Belgium and Switzerland, and Gold in Finland.[47][48][49]

Accolades[edit]

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Celine Dion

In December 2003, 1 fille & 4 types was nominated for the NRJ Music Award in category Best French-Language Album of the Year.[50] In February 2004, Dion received four nominations for the Juno Awards of 2004, including Francophone Album of the Year for 1 fille & 4 types, Artist of the Year and Fan Choice Award.[51] In September 2004, she received three nominations for the Félix Awards, including Best-Selling Album of the Year for 1 fille & 4 types and Female Artist of the Year.[52]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks produced by Erick Benzi.

1."De Paris à Vegas... L'histoire" (documentary) 
2."Tout l'or des hommes" (music video) 
3."Valse adieu" 
4."Photo gallery" 

Personnel[edit]

  • Gildas Arzel – arranger, guitars, harmonica, lead vocal, background vocals
  • Christophe Battaglia – arranger
  • Erick Benzi – producer, arranger, engineer, programming, synthesizers, lead vocal, background vocals
  • Yvan Cassar – strings director and arranger
  • Laurent Coppola – drums
  • Humberto Gatica – engineer, mix
  • Jean-Jacques Goldman – artistic director, arranger, guitars, lead vocal, background vocals
  • Patrick Hampartzoumian – arranger, programming, synthesizers
  • Yannick Hardouin – bass
  • Thomas Ivaldy – engineer's assistant
  • Steve Kadison – engineer's assistant
  • Dimitri Kurts – engineer's assistant
  • François Lalonde – engineer's assistant
  • Gildas Lointier – engineer
  • Vito Luprano – executive producer
  • Vlado Meller – mastering
  • Nicolas Mingot – guitars
  • Simon Rhodes – engineer
  • Bruno Le Rouzic – flutes, uilleann pipes
  • Jacques Veneruso – arranger, guitars, lead vocal, background vocals

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Year-end charts[edit]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Release history[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Céline In Studio". celinedion.com. 7 May 2003. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  2. ^ abc"New French Album". celinedion.com. 11 August 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  3. ^ abcd"Celine Dion will release, 1 fille & 4 types - her first French album in five years on October 14, 2003". celinedion.com. 27 August 2003. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  4. ^""Tout l'or des hommes" Debut!". celinedion.com. 25 August 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  5. ^""Tout l'or des hommes" Single". celinedion.com. 20 September 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  6. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' Info". celinedion.com. 28 September 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  7. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' In US". celinedion.com. 3 November 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  8. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' Available In Japan". celinedion.com. 14 December 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  9. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' Released In Sweden". celinedion.com. 9 February 2004. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  10. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' In Spain". celinedion.com. 18 April 2004. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  11. ^"Tracklisting For '1 fille & 4 types' Debut!". celinedion.com. 14 September 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  12. ^ abc"Exclusive Editions Of '1 fille & 4 types'". celinedion.com. 23 September 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  13. ^"Nanette Workman: discographie". nanetteworkman.com (in French). Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  14. ^"Anggun – Désirs Contraires". discogs.com. Discogs. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  15. ^"Leyla Doriane: Libre CD Track Listing". cylist.com. cyList. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  16. ^"Celine Dion: One Heart". celinedion.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  17. ^ ab"Attend French TV Taping In Vegas!!!". celinedion.com. 19 August 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  18. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' Special On TVA". celinedion.com. 15 February 2004. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  19. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' TV Special On TVA". celinedion.com. 18 October 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  20. ^ ab"Guests On French TV Special". celinedion.com. 1 October 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  21. ^ ab"'1 fille & 4 types' Special On TF1". celinedion.com. 4 November 2003. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  22. ^"OCT 15, 2003 @ The Colosseum at Caesars Palace". celinedion.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  23. ^""Tout l'or des hommes" Video # 1". celinedion.com. 14 November 2003. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  24. ^""Tout l'or des hommes" Taking Charts By Storm". celinedion.com. 18 September 2003. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  25. ^""Tout l'or des hommes" # 1 In Québec!". celinedion.com. 12 October 2003. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  26. ^"Celine Dion Makes Radio History". celinedion.com. 18 September 2003. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  27. ^"New Single From '1 fille & 4 types'". celinedion.com. 11 December 2003. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  28. ^""Et je t'aime encore" CD Single". celinedion.com. 18 December 2003. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  29. ^""Et je t'aime encore" Video!". celinedion.com. 8 March 2004. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  30. ^ ab""Contre nature" In Canada". celinedion.com. 18 March 2004. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  31. ^"New Single From '1 fille & 4 types'". celinedion.com. 6 March 2004. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  32. ^ ab"Céline Shoots New Video". celinedion.com. 18 March 2004. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  33. ^""Contre nature" Video On TV". celinedion.com. 30 April 2004. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  34. ^"New Music Video!". celinedion.com. 31 March 2004. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  35. ^ abTheakston, Rob. "Celine Dion > 1 Fille & 4 Types > Overview > Review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  36. ^ abBrowne, David (19 December 2003). "Celine Dion - 1 Fille & 4 Types. Review by David Browne - Entertainment.ie - Ireland - Music, CD Reviews". entertainment.ie. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  37. ^"'1 fille & 4 types' Gets Great Reviews!". celinedion.com. 19 October 2003. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  38. ^ abcd"Celine, Clay rule top of charts". Jam!. Canoe Inc. 22 October 2003. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  39. ^ ab"1 fille & 4 types: déjà 150 000 copies vendues". Le Droit. La Presse, ltée. 24 October 2003. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  40. ^"Rod Stewart battles Celine on charts". Jam!. Canoe Inc. 29 October 2003. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  41. ^"Canadian Albums: Week of November 15, 2003". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  42. ^ abMaxime Demers (31 December 2003). "Les Québécois ont acheté des disques de gens d'ici en 2003" (in French). Canoe.ca. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  43. ^

Apart from the few exceptions who truly make it big, French artists are not generally the ones to perform to sold-out stadiums on tours outside of France or French-speaking countries. But once any artist makes his or her mark on the international music scene, new artists tend to respect those musical predecessors, but from a distance. For example, the contemporary cover albums of Edith Piaf, Jacques Brel, Stevie Wonder, Whitney Houston, and Barbra Streisand are few and far in between. As I see it, it's less that new artists don't respect the hell out of established artists and more that they don't see a need to reimagine these icons' works.

In spending this semester abroad in Paris, I set out to learn about the trends in the current French music industry. One of the first things I noticed here is how new French artists seem to really idolize the more established ones of their parents' generation -- and perhaps a little more than their American counterparts. Let me explain further.

To the baby-boomer generation in France and in the French-speaking world, Jean-Jacques Goldman is one of the most respected and celebrated household names in music. Behind Johnny Hallyday, Jean-Jacques Goldman is the highest-grossing French pop artist still alive. Goldman's catalogue spans from the mid-1970's until the early 2000's. His songs are modern French anthems, with his music resonating with people of all ages.

Not only is Jean-Jacques Goldman's music celebrated in the international music scene, but his music has also helped further the careers of other international artists. In 1995, Céline Dion released "Pour que tu m'aimes encore," a song she considers "the biggest song of my French career." The single would sell just shy of 1 million copies in France and over 4 million worldwide, all while claiming the #1 spot on France's SNEP charts for 12 weeks. Goldman would reappear in Dion's career again in 1997 when she released "Let's Talk About Love," which sampled Goldman's 1987 hit "Puisque tu pars." Then in 2003, Jean-Jacques Goldman co-wrote and co-produced Céline Dion's French-language album 1 fille & 4 types.

In 2012, a tribute album entitled Génération Goldman was released by French label My Major Company, a record company partly funded by crowd-sourcing. With release by My Major Company, Génération Goldman came into fruition at the will of the people and served as an homage to the musical legacy of Jean-Jacques Goldman by pairing contemporary, young artists to Goldman's most renowned songs. The most popular tracks on the album are "Envole-moi" by M. Pokora and Tal, "Quand tu danses" by Corneille, and "Je te donne" by Leslie and Ivyrise. These three songs, along with numerous single releases, made for a wildly successful tribute album that was certified Diamond with 500,000 sales within its first month and which sat at the #1 spot on France's SNEP charts for four weeks. This past summer, a second tribute album to Jean-Jacques Goldman was released and aptly titled Génération Goldman volume 2. Also peaking at #1, the album is still moving around on the charts today.

What did the Jean-Jacques Goldman tribute albums do to music in France? It's simple: it found a way to reconcile the music of our parents with the artists of today. Because of both homage albums, Francophone children are now appreciating Goldman's music in a relatable way. I think that in the United States, where so much great music is released every year, it's imperative that we not only share with our kids the music we loved when we were children, but we also find a way to make it relatable for them, too. Both Génération Goldman albums proved that not only do tribute albums make money, but they sound great and bring families together, too.


Image by Ianis Pledel

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