1 Vudogis

Emma Reynolds Head Teacher Personal Statement

For the British politician, see Emma Reynolds.

Emma Ann Reynolds (1862-1917) was an African-American teacher, who had a desire to address the health needs of her community. Refused entrance to nurses training schools because of racism, she influenced the creation of Provident Hospital in Chicago and was one of its first four nursing graduates. Continuing her education, Reynolds became a medical doctor serving at posts in Texas, Louisiana and Washington, D.C. before permanently settling in Ohio and completing her practice there.

Early life[edit]

Emma Ann Reynolds was born on August 3, 1862 in Frankfort, Ross County, Ohio to Sarah (née Jones) and William Reynolds. After completing her education at Wilberforce University she moved to Kansas City, Missouri where four of her brothers lived and taught school for seven years. During her teaching, she recognized the health needs of the African-American community, and attempted to enroll in nursing school in Chicago. She was repeatedly refused entrance because she was black. Seeking help from her brother, Rev. Louis H. Reynolds, pastor of St. Stephens African Methodist Episcopal Church on the west side of Chicago, the two approached well-known Dr. Daniel Hale Williams in December 1890. Williams had previously recognized the need for both trained nursing staff and hospital beds for negro patients, as well as employment opportunities for interns, physicians and surgeons. Reynolds' need, spurred a decision that rather than use his influence to help her gain entrance to a white nurses' training facility, he should instead convince the black community to found their own hospital. In May, 1891, the Provident Hospital was opened, with the goal of allowing interracial staff and patients, as well of establishing a training facility for nurses of any race.

Reynolds enrolled in the first nursing class, completing her training eighteen months later, and graduated on 27 October 1892 along with Bertha I. Estes, Florence Phillips and Lillian E. Reynolds. The year of her graduation, she enrolled in a medical degree program at Northwestern University Women's Medical School, as the first black student of the school. She graduated as the first African-American woman to complete the training in 1895. From her graduation until 1896, Reynolds served as the supervisor of the Training School for Nurses, before becoming the resident physician of the Paul Quinn College in 1896. Two years later, she moved to New Orleans,[13] where in spite of racism she remained until July 1900. While she was in New Orleans, Reynolds was active as a club member, serving as one of the officers of the state colored Temperance Union and Afro-American Woman’s Club of New Orleans. She founded and organized the Visiting Nurses Association under the women’s club umbrella to furnish free nursing to the poor.

On 23 July 1900, Reynolds took up what initially was to be a temporary three-month position, as the head nurse at Howard University's Freedman's Hospital. She remained at Freedman's Hospital through 1901, serving on the nursing faculty in dietetics, but the following year, returned to Ohio to care for her ailing parents. She established a practice in Sulphur Lick, Ohio, practicing there until her death.

Death and legacy[edit]

Reynolds died of heart disease on January 11, 1917 in Huntington Township, Ross County, Ohio and was buried at Davis Cemetery near Waverly, Ohio on January 13. In 1990, a tombstone was erected in her honor at the Greenlawn Cemetery in Frankfort by the Provident Hospital Nurse Alumni Association. Reynolds was inducted into the Chillicothe-Ross County Women’s Hall of Fame in 1991 in recognition of her medical contributions and in 1994, she was inducted into the Ohio Women's Hall of Fame. In 2001, she was recognized for her pioneering role during Women's Month, by the U.S. House of Representatives.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Buckler, Helen (1968). Daniel Hale Williams Negro Surgeon (2nd ed.). New York, New York: Pitman Publishing Corporation. OCLC 970934268. 
  • Cutler, H. G. (1896). Woman's Medical School, Northwestern University (Woman's Medical College of Chicago): the institution and its founders: class histories, 1870-1896. Chicago, Illinois: H. G. Cutler, Publisher. OCLC 786274800. 
  • Majors, Monroe A. (1893). Noted Negro women, their triumphs and activities (Reprint 1971 by Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Donohue and Henneberry. ISBN 0-8369-8733-0. 
  • Reynolds, L. H. (July 1901). "Public Spirit Among Our People". Annual report, Hampton Negro Conference. Hampton, Virginia: Hampton Institute Press (5): 19–24. OCLC 653426677. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  • Royster, Jacqueline Jones (2003). Profiles of Ohio Women, 1803-2003. Ohio University Press. ISBN 978-0-8214-1508-5. 
  • Sims, Ron (February 20, 2016). "Remembering Graduates of the Northwestern University Woman's Medical School". Galter Health Sciences Library. Chicago, Illinois: Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  • Warfield, W. A.; Fleetwood, Sara I. (July 1, 1901). "Report of Training School for Nurses". Report of the Freedmen's Hospital to the Secretary of the Interior (Report). Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  • U. S. House of Representatives (2001). Congressional Record, V. 147, Pt. 3, March 8, 2001 to March 26, 2001. Government Printing Office. GGKEY:3F50QNXHQD4. 
  • "Colored Nurses Graduate". New Orleans, Louisiana: The Times-Picayune. July 17, 1900. p. 12. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  • "Dr. Emma A. Reynolds". Washington, D. C.: The Colored American. October 13, 1900. p. 7. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  • "Four Nurses Are Graduated". Chicago, Illinois: The Chicago Tribune. October 28, 1892. p. 6. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  • "Freedman's Head Nurse". Washington, D. C.: The Evening Times. October 26, 1900. p. 8. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  • "History-Emma Reynolds". The Provident Foundation. Chicago, Illinois. 2014. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  • "Hospital for Colored People". Chicago, Illinois: The Chicago Tribune. May 5, 1891. p. 3. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  • "Mrs. Emma A. Reynolds, M. D." New Orleans, Louisiana: The Times-Picayune. August 13, 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  • "Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953". FamilySearch. Columbus, Ohio: Bureau of Vital Statistics. March 1, 1917. file no. 14411-17270, 1917. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  • "The Temperance Cause". New Orleans, Louisiana: The Times-Picayune. May 12, 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  • "(untitled)". Des Moines, Iowa: The Bystander. July 15, 1898. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 

Ohio Women's Hall of Fame

1970–1979

1978
  • Allen, FlorenceFlorence Allen
  • Black, Helen ChatfieldHelen Chatfield Black
  • Bolton, FrancesFrances Bolton
  • Boyer, ElizabethElizabeth Boyer
  • Bracken, HarrietHarriet Bracken
  • Cooper, Martha KinneyMartha Kinney Cooper
  • Donahey, GertrudeGertrude Donahey
  • Hunter, Jane EdnaJane Edna Hunter
  • Kline, ConsolataConsolata Kline
  • Kunkle, VirginiaVirginia Kunkle
  • Mahoney, MargaretMargaret Mahoney
  • McClelland, Helen GraceHelen Grace McClelland
  • Merritt, AgnesAgnes Merritt
  • Papier, RoseRose Papier
  • Randolph, LottieLottie Randolph
  • Stewart, Ella P.Ella P. Stewart
  • Valiquette, MarigeneMarigene Valiquette
  • Walker, Ann B.Ann B. Walker
  • Walsh, StellaStella Walsh
  • Wells, MarionMarion Wells
1979
  • Akeley, Mary JobeMary Jobe Akeley
  • Bickerdyke, Mary AnnMary Ann Bickerdyke
  • Cleveland, BeatriceBeatrice Cleveland
  • Earley, Charity EdnaCharity Edna Earley
  • Jammal, EleanorEleanor Jammal
  • Kochan, BerniceBernice Kochan
  • Leedy, EmilyEmily Leedy
  • Lyons, RuthRuth Lyons
  • Mock, JerrieJerrie Mock
  • Phaler, EmmaEmma Phaler
  • Redinger, RachelRachel Redinger
  • Sterne, BobbieBobbie Sterne
  • Swanbeck, EthelEthel Swanbeck
  • Weisenborn, ClaraClara Weisenborn
  • Whiteman, MarjorieMarjorie Whiteman

1980–1989

1980
  • Berlin, GraceGrace Berlin
  • Bombeck, ErmaErma Bombeck
  • Byrne, Patricia M.Patricia M. Byrne
  • Crawford, RuthRuth Crawford
  • Fast, LouisaLouisa Fast
  • Fuldheim, DorothyDorothy Fuldheim
  • Gish, LillianLillian Gish
  • Greisheimer, EstherEsther Greisheimer
  • Keller, EdithEdith Keller
  • Kitchen, TellaTella Kitchen
  • Krupansky, BlancheBlanche Krupansky
  • Larlham, HattieHattie Larlham
  • Nemeth, Mary LouiseMary Louise Nemeth
  • Oakley, AnnieAnnie Oakley
  • Weber, DorisDoris Weber
1981
  • Bayer, MildredMildred Bayer
  • Bischoff Lovin, TinaTina Bischoff Lovin
  • Cornelius, DorothyDorothy Cornelius
  • Day, DorisDoris Day
  • Diller, PhyllisPhyllis Diller
  • Hunkins, EusebiaEusebia Hunkins
  • Norton, AndreAndre Norton
  • Untermeyer, Jean StarrJean Starr Untermeyer
  • Upton, Harriet TaylorHarriet Taylor Upton
  • Wilson, NancyNancy Wilson
1982
  • Boyd, A. MargaretA. Margaret Boyd
  • Eriksson, AnnAnn Eriksson
  • Foley, BerniceBernice Foley
  • George, Zelma WatsonZelma Watson George
  • Izant, Grace GoulderGrace Goulder Izant
  • Morrison, ToniToni Morrison
  • Sewell, PhyllisPhyllis Sewell
  • Spain, JayneJayne Spain
  • Zelkowitz, HelenHelen Zelkowitz
1983
  • Anderson, Harriet J.Harriet J. Anderson
  • Biggs, IoneIone Biggs
  • Bingham, EulaEula Bingham
  • Boyle, Mary O.Mary O. Boyle
  • Heath, MariwynMariwyn Heath
  • Irwin, JosephineJosephine Irwin
  • Janis, BarbaraBarbara Janis
  • Player, MinnieMinnie Player
  • Steinem, GloriaGloria Steinem
  • Winning, FredaFreda Winning
  • Young, Mary E. MillerMary E. Miller Young
1984
  • Cooper, SallySally Cooper
  • Harris, Sarah E.Sarah E. Harris
  • Hauserman, Cindy NobleCindy Noble Hauserman
  • Kaptur, MarcyMarcy Kaptur
  • Nussbaum, KarenKaren Nussbaum
  • Oakar, Mary RoseMary Rose Oakar
  • Pinkerton, CatherineCatherine Pinkerton
  • Player, WillaWilla Player
  • Resnik, JudithJudith Resnik
  • Santmyer, Helen HoovenHelen Hooven Santmyer
  • Trimble, MarianMarian Trimble
  • Wollenberg, JoyceJoyce Wollenberg
1985
  • Cook, Lois Anna BarrLois Anna Barr Cook
  • Cotner, MercedesMercedes Cotner
  • Draz, ZellZell Draz
  • Easterling, BarbaraBarbara Easterling
  • Giovanni, NikkiNikki Giovanni
  • Gonzalez, AuroraAurora Gonzalez
  • Lazarus, MaryMary Lazarus
  • Mandel, BarbaraBarbara Mandel
  • Marcere, NormaNorma Marcere
  • Mulholland, HelenHelen Mulholland
  • Schimmoler, LaurettaLauretta Schimmoler
  • Schott, MargeMarge Schott
  • Steinbrenner, Mary JenMary Jen Steinbrenner
1986
  • Andrew, MargaretMargaret Andrew
  • Barber, KathleenKathleen Barber
  • Biles, FayFay Biles
  • Blackwell, ElizabethElizabeth Blackwell
  • Clarke, MarieMarie Clarke
  • Crosby, Eva MaeEva Mae Crosby
  • Dee, RubyRuby Dee
  • Drennan, CynthiaCynthia Drennan
  • Glendinning, HookerHooker Glendinning
  • Herring, LouiseLouise Herring
  • LeVeque, KatherineKatherine LeVeque
  • Miller, Ruth RatnerRuth Ratner Miller
  • Nava, AmeliaAmelia Nava
  • Pratt, Arline WebbArline Webb Pratt
  • Przelomski, Anastasia AnnAnastasia Ann Przelomski
  • Purdy, VirginiaVirginia Purdy
  • Walker, Selma LoisSelma Lois Walker
  • Walsh, JuliaJulia Walsh
  • Wattleton, FayeFaye Wattleton
  • Withrow, Mary EllenMary Ellen Withrow
1988
  • Biggins, AnnaAnna Biggins
  • Clonch, PatriciaPatricia Clonch
  • Craden, NormaNorma Craden
  • Graham, Jewel FreemanJewel Freeman Graham
  • Guisewite, CathyCathy Guisewite
  • Jackson, Rebecca D.Rebecca D. Jackson
  • Jenkins, Carol HeissCarol Heiss Jenkins
  • Kane, CarolCarol Kane
  • Larsen, BeaBea Larsen
  • Lev, Alice RafulAlice Raful Lev
  • Rocker Sogg, LindaLinda Rocker Sogg
  • Smeal, EleanorEleanor Smeal
  • Utz, CarolynCarolyn Utz
  • Ward, Anita SmithAnita Smith Ward
1989
  • Brown, Jeanette GrasselliJeanette Grasselli Brown
  • Carnahan, MaxineMaxine Carnahan
  • Chapman, TracyTracy Chapman
  • Cowles, Betsy MixBetsy Mix Cowles
  • Gazelle, AnnAnn Gazelle
  • Graves, MichelleMichelle Graves
  • Harshman, FlorenceFlorence Harshman
  • Hutt, JuneJune Hutt
  • Jensen, GeraldineGeraldine Jensen
  • Mahoney, CarolynCarolyn Mahoney
  • Myers, LindaLinda Myers
  • Porter, JennieJennie Porter
  • Poulton, DianeDiane Poulton
  • Powell, ReneeRenee Powell
  • Spretnak, CharleneCharlene Spretnak
  • Ventura, CharleneCharlene Ventura

1990–1999

1990
  • Gaston, MarilynMarilyn Gaston
  • Jackson, DorothyDorothy Jackson
  • Jackson, Luella TalmadgeLuella Talmadge Jackson
  • Kalven, JanetJanet Kalven
  • Kanter, RosabethRosabeth Kanter
  • Kuhn, MaggieMaggie Kuhn
  • Lamson, JoanJoan Lamson
  • Lin, MayaMaya Lin
  • Macko, Anne VarianoAnne Variano Macko
  • Mott, AliciaAlicia Mott
  • Sauvageot, LudelLudel Sauvageot
  • Shur, Fanchon bat-LillianFanchon bat-Lillian Shur
  • Sutliff, Phebe TemperancePhebe Temperance Sutliff
  • Williams, GrayceGrayce Williams
1991
  • Abbott, BereniceBerenice Abbott
  • Badger, EarladeenEarladeen Badger
  • Brown, HallieHallie Brown
  • Davidson, JoAnnJoAnn Davidson
  • Diaz-Sprague, RaquelRaquel Diaz-Sprague
  • Dove, RitaRita Dove
  • Gavin, Mary IgnatiaMary Ignatia Gavin
  • Harper, SaraSara Harper
  • Hawk, DonnaDonna Hawk
  • Holley, JuneJune Holley
  • Moore, Martha C.Martha C. Moore
  • Owens, DarleneDarlene Owens
  • Peterson, Helen H.Helen H. Peterson
  • Pituch, MarthaMartha Pituch
  • Pointer, YvonneYvonne Pointer
  • Ruehlmann, VirginiaVirginia Ruehlmann
  • Schwarz, JosephineJosephine Schwarz
  • Timken, SuzanneSuzanne Timken
  • Bieniek, Nancy VertroneNancy Vertrone Bieniek
  • Zannoni, Stella MarieStella Marie Zannoni
1992
  • Beaumont, Mary of the AnnunciationMary of the Annunciation Beaumont
  • Eaton, AntoinetteAntoinette Eaton
  • McCullough, RubieRubie McCullough
  • Oakley, NancyNancy Oakley
  • Parker, HarrietHarriet Parker
  • Porter, SusanSusan Porter
  • Rice, Helen SteinerHelen Steiner Rice
  • Schille, AliceAlice Schille
  • Thompson, LouellaLouella Thompson
1993
  • Benson, MildredMildred Benson
  • Bingham, AmeliaAmelia Bingham
  • Coffey, VirginiaVirginia Coffey
  • Colombi, Viola FamianoViola Famiano Colombi
  • Gunter, IvyIvy Gunter
  • Hamilton, VirginiaVirginia Hamilton
  • Hayes, Lucy WebbLucy Webb Hayes
  • Hintz, Joy AliceJoy Alice Hintz
  • Macelwane, GeraldineGeraldine Macelwane
  • McCormick, Anne O'HareAnne O'Hare McCormick
  • Olshansky, RenaRena Olshansky
  • Pincham, EdnaEdna Pincham
  • Plummer, MaxineMaxine Plummer
  • Reilly, JeanJean Reilly
  • Riel, PaulinePauline Riel
1994

Governors are very pleased to announce the appointment of Emma Reynolds as Principal of Frome College with effect from September 2017.   Emma is currently Headteacher of The Bulmershe School in Wokingham, Berkshire.  She has substantial experience in school leadership and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA). Her passion and commitment for the arts was realised last summer when The Bulmershe School was one of the three finalists for Gareth Malone’s ‘The Choir – Best in Britain’ on the BBC.

Emma said “I am delighted to have been appointed as Principal of Frome College and feel privileged to be the leader of this vibrant and exciting centre for learning. 

I am passionate about opportunities for all young people to be inspired to develop their individual talents, gifts and skills and to strive to do the best they can through a thirst for learning that will stand them in good stead throughout their lives. 

I believe strongly that we must focus on providing a curricular experience for our students that prepares them well for their aspirations, using their talents, gifts and energy to contribute positively to our global community.  We must support our students to be happy, challenged and resilient learners, underpinned by the strong foundations of discipline, self-esteem and community as well as a focus on ensuring the basics of respect, tolerance, compassion and personal responsibility.”

We all look forward to welcoming Emma in September.

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