Smokers And Nonsmokers Comparison Essay

1. Smith SC, Milani RV, Arnett DK, Crouse JR, McDermott MM, Ridker PM, et al. Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease Conference: Writing Group II: risk factors. Circulation. 2004;109(21):2613–6.[PubMed]

2. Mikkonen P, Leino-Arjas P, Remes J, Zitting P, Taimela S, Karppinen J. Is smoking a risk factor for low back pain in adolescents? A prospective cohort study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2008;33(5):527–32.[PubMed]

3. Leboeuf-Yde C. Smoking and low back pain. A systematic literature review of 41 journal articles reporting 47 epidemiologic studies. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1999;24(14):1463–70.[PubMed]

4. Goldberg MS, Scott SC, Mayo NE. A review of the association between cigarette smoking and the development of nonspecific back pain and related outcomes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2000;25(8):995–1014.[PubMed]

5. Iwahashi M, Matsuzaki H, Tokuhashi Y, Wakabayashi K, Uematsu Y. Mechanism of intervertebral disc degeneration caused by nicotine in rabbits to explicate intervertebral disc disorders caused by smoking. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2002;27(13):1396–401.[PubMed]

6. Uei H, Matsuzaki H, Oda H, Nakajima S, Tokuhashi Y, Esumi M. Gene expression changes in an early stage of intervertebral disc degeneration induced by passive cigarette smoking. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006;31(5):510–4.[PubMed]

7. Kaila-Kangas L, Leino-Arjas P, Riihimaki H, Luukkonen R, Kirjonen J. Smoking and overweight as predictors of hospitalization for back disorders. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2003;28(16):1860–8.[PubMed]

8. Sharkey JB. Coaches' Guide to Sport Physiology. Champaign: Human Kinetics Publishers; 1986.

9. Hoeger WW, Hopkins DR. A comparison of the sit and reach and the modified sit and reach in the measurement of flexibility in women. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1992;63(2):191–5.[PubMed]

10. Orlander J, Kiessling KH, Larsson L. Skeletal muscle metabolism, morphology and function in sedentary smokers and nonsmokers. Acta Physiol Scand. 1979;107(1):39–46.[PubMed]

11. Al-Obaidi SM, Anthony J, Al-Shuwai N, Dean E. Differences in back extensor strength between smokers and nonsmokers with and without low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2004;34(5):254–60.[PubMed]

12. Fukuba Y, Takamoto N, Kushima K, Ohtaki M, Kihara H, Tanaka T, et al. Cigarette smoking and physical fitness. Ann Physol Antheropy. 1993;12(4):195–212.[PubMed]

13. Gorecka D, Czernicka-Cierpisz E. [Effects of smoking tobacco on exercise tolerance in healthy subjects]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 1995;63(11-12):632–8.[PubMed]

14. Kumar PR, Kumar NV. Effect of cigarette smoking on muscle strength of flexibility of athletes. Indian J Exp Biol. 1998;36(11):1144–6.[PubMed]

15. Weisman IM. Impact of Smoking on Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance during Upper and Lower Body Exercises in Female Soldiers. El Paso, TX: William Beaumont Army Medical Center; 1996.

Smokers vs Non-Smokers Essay

733 WordsNov 8th, 20103 Pages

Giselle Williams
Date: October 6, 2010
Smokers in comparison/contrast to Non-Smokers
In our everyday life, people either like or dislike smoking. Some people may think that smoking is bad for their health; meanwhile others may think that smoking is not harmful to them. In this world people tend to choose smoking for pleasure in their life and find that as long as it makes them comfortable they can over look the consequences or the harmful action that can take place while smoking. Non-smokers on the other hand have different ways to achieve that similar sense of pleasure as compared to smokers without the same harmful effects.
Growing up as a little girl I use to always think that smoking was one of the worst things a person could do. I…show more content…

Take for example, a soccer player who smokes as compared to one who does not. The speed and endurance of the soccer player who smokes is much slower compared to that of a non-smoker.
Thirdly, People who smoke become very addicted and use smoking as a stress reliever or for other means of correcting negativity throughout their life. Non-smokers on the other hand use other addictions to coop with their stress whether good or bad. This gives non-smoker the flexibility to choose what type of addiction they want to coop with their issues. Not to say that smokers don’t have that kind of flexibility, but nine times out of ten the smoker will of course choose smoking as his/her first resort, which in fact is very harmful to their health.
People tend to choose smoking for pleasure in their life and find that as long as it makes them comfortable they can over look the consequences or the harmful effects caused by smoking. However non-smokers on the other hand have different means of achieving that similar sense of pleasure as compared to smokers without the same harmful effects. It is a proven fact that smokers have a greater chance of developing lung cancer as opposed to non-smokers. Smoking is a habit that is picked up and becomes very addictive and is very hard to control. Non-smokers have their own addictions that are somewhat similar to that of a smoke. They use other addictions to coop with their stress whether good or bad, giving non-smoker the flexibility

Show More

Leave a Comment

(0 Comments)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *